Strategically located at the confluence of the Blue and the White Nile, Khartoum was founded as an Egyptian military outpost in 1821. It became the capital of Turkish-Egyptian Sudan in 1834. Read more ...
Republic of the Sudan
On 1 January 1956, Sudan became an independent state, with Ismail al-Azhari being its first Prime Minister.
Since 1989, Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir has been President.
In 2011, the Republic of the Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan became two separate states.